Making the GT-R so nice
Nicknamed "Godzilla" by the Australian automotive media, the brand new era Nissan BNR32 Skyline GT-R was the omnipotent Japanese supercar regime.
It is a assertion I’ll all the time belief, whether or not anybody needs to doubt me or not. Identify one other automobile that has gained 29 of 29 races in Group A, or 29 of 30 races within the N1, or has 92 wins out of a complete of 98 races at Tremendous Taikyu from 1991 to 2003 inclusively. I’ll wait …
Now that you just've spent a couple of minutes making an attempt to reply the unprecedented numbers of GT-R efficiency, I'm certain we will agree that the king nonetheless has his throne.
In 1985, Naganori Ito succeeded Dr. Sakurai's crown and have become accountable for all of Nissan's sports activities automobile manufacturing. After the poor success of the R30 and R31 (however nonetheless very good race vehicles), Ito-san knew that the one option to revive the model and pay homage to the collection of 49 victories gained by the KPGC10 within the the 1970s would begin from scratch. . Be aware that this was a time when the Japanese financial system was booming and cash was principally out of date.
With this sort of freedom at hand, Ito-san started to attract and the "Mission GT-X" was born. On the time, nearly all supercars and prototypes have been geared up with AWD, AWD and turbocharger methods and have been product of composite supplies. Ito-san is impressed by these state-of-the-art autos throughout the trade, however two of them stood out essentially the most.
The primary was Nissan's personal, the MID-Four, a mid-engine supercar prototype; the second was just a little extra sensible and reasonable, the Porsche 959. Should you dig sufficient within the 959, you’ll uncover an electro-hydraulic all-wheel drive system that vectorizes the torque between the entrance and rear wheels in keeping with the load distribution of the automobile. the automobile in some unspecified time in the future – a system fairly much like that of the ATTESA E-TS that we discover within the R32 GT-R.
The sunshine six-cylinder engine, coupled with not one however two Garrett T25 turbos, can be noteworthy. To push the bounds even additional, the RB26DETT was geared up with a big intercooler, a big consumption plenum and 6 particular person throttle our bodies, which significantly improved the response of the plane. 39 strangeness in comparison with one in all its opponents of the time.
In Might 1989, the GT-X mission was accomplished and the R32 GTE, GTS, GTS-T and GTS-Four made their option to the exhibition halls that most of the people may purchase. However it’s only later that yr, in August to be actual, that buyers check out the Gran Turismo Racer Version.
Regardless of having the identical basic look because the GTS-Four coupe, the GT-R was a completely totally different animal (or a foul Japanese dinosaur) beneath its pores and skin. It was a homologated race automobile producing 320 hp from the manufacturing unit, with essentially the most superior engineering ever put into manufacturing by Nissan.
The event of the GT-X mission clearly had one aim in thoughts: to dominate the observe. In case you have been an avid reader of Speedhunters, chances are you’ll bear in mind some articles from Brad and Matt by which they’ve deepened this query. You could find their articles right here, and right here, which cowl a substantial quantity of historical past and technical particulars explaining why the GT-R was pretty much as good because it was.
At this level, you're most likely questioning what I'm speaking about. Properly, the simple reply is that every one I’ve talked about to this point is what has led me to purchase my very own GT-R 1990 a number of years in the past.
However earlier than delving deeper into this subject, let me enlighten you on a few of my earlier vehicles to higher perceive my antecedents within the automotive world.
Since turning into a licensee to this point, I used to be very moved to personal a few of the greatest vehicles ever produced. My first actual efficiency automobile was this BMW Z3 M Coupe, which I purchased on the age of 16. I used to be within the second yr of highschool and I managed to save cash after two years of labor.
On the time, these vehicles have been uncared for and the one individuals who needed them have been individuals who truly knew what they have been, beneath their unusual appears to be like. My cousin had purchased the late model of the S54 mannequin in Laguna Seca Blue just a little earlier than my buy, and after driving his, I grew to become completely addicted. It's a automobile that I'm proud to have owned as a result of it paved the way in which for efficiency autos.
A number of vehicles later, I ended up proudly owning a handful of Subarus. The image above was my automobile, extra modest, which helped me out of the BMW scene and study extra in regards to the world of rally racing and Group B.
As most of us can perceive, when you personal a automobile, or generally even earlier than, you can’t assist however search the hell out for every thing that makes the mannequin so formidable. These vehicles have taught me to do analysis, a ability that I discover necessary in all features of life.
Between two different Subarus house owners, I lastly made some purchases of BMW E36 M3 which I nonetheless held dearly. My coronary heart has all the time been good in relation to these vehicles as a result of there was completely nothing prefer it. Folks usually ask me which automobile I like essentially the most and my reply to this point continues to be the E36 M3. This isn’t the quickest automobile on the planet, nor essentially the most unique, however there is no such thing as a different automobile as rounded because the E36 M3.
It presents every thing from appearances to efficiency, weight distribution to 50/50, consolation and luxurious, and every thing in between. On prime of that, they’re nonetheless comparatively inexpensive by fashionable requirements, however we’ll see how lengthy it should final. Costs are skyrocketing, and I assumed it was inevitable. They’re excellent in each method, and it's solely a matter of time earlier than individuals understand it.
Then my previous MKIV Toyota Supra. I purchased this automobile shortly after highschool and it was my first large energy automobile. It was designed to dominate every thing on the acceleration observe: it was carrying a giant Precision 6766 turbo, cast inner elements, tailor – made exhausts, HKS runway coatings and every thing wanted for the automobile to go too quick. The most important downside I had with this automobile was the dearth of maneuverability; With round 800 Whp, he grew to become insufferable as a result of he was continually scared once I drove him. Though I’m grateful to be the proprietor, it taught me the worth of stability in a automobile.
Certain, I may run wild in sixth gear at 70mph, even with the 335mm radial on the again, however for what? I discovered the ability utterly ineffective, so I bought it a couple of yr after every thing was completed. The Supra will all the time have a spot in my coronary heart, however I don’t suppose it should do something for me so far as private property is worried.
All through the possession of those vehicles, I nearly all the time had a each day driver on the aspect, and what higher each day driver than a station wagon? I wanted one thing that will serve primarily as a good components hauler, and though I ought to have left my dailies alone, I nearly all the time discovered justifications for modifying them.
Right here is one in all my favourite previous vehicles, the E46 Touring. Nothing particular right here with this small property automobile apart from this being my first set up impressed by VIPs. He was low, he was sluggish and he towed components like no different wagon earlier than.
Talking of wagons, the E30 Touring was truly my first imported automobile. We by no means obtained them again to the US, so after they lastly grew to become authorized to import, I purchased two of them. Each drove proper whereas they have been crossing the Atlantic from the great previous UK.
I first bought blue and began growing plans for crimson. I've gone to this point shopping for a really uncommon inside for the automobile, shopping for me some Air Elevate Efficiency OZ Racing wheels and air suspension, in addition to a M-Tech II physique equipment. However some life modifications occurred and I ultimately needed to put an finish to all my initiatives and promote the automobile. I nonetheless miss it to this point and plan to personal one other in some unspecified time in the future in my life.
Essentially the most radical development of all of the vehicles I've owned is my final STI. This automobile was my development of the Holy Grail, as a result of it began with bone materials, aside from an engine constructed half by the earlier proprietor. As soon as, I promised myself that if I ever met an STI 2006, I’d construct it in keeping with WRC requirements, however with my private contact. No person had performed it on the time, and my aim was to create one thing that’s controversial throughout the Subaru neighborhood, however qualitatively. And that's what I did.
All the things in regards to the automobile was customized, from prime to backside. It took me two years to convey this automobile the place it’s on these photographs. The totally constructed engine produced just below 500 Whp, nevertheless it additionally had a unfavourable 10 diploma camber. And the boy made everybody shit. It was completely nice, within the sense that I may get so many individuals reactions. My aim, nevertheless, was not to concentrate, however reasonably to make use of the automobile for networking functions. I’ve met lots of people from the trade by means of this automobile, so I’m grateful to him for being a house owner.
The 1972 JDM Fairlady Z, which I miss essentially the most, is the one which escaped me essentially the most. It was a rusty bucket, nevertheless it was essentially the most epic driving expertise of my life. All the things shook at full throttle, the three Mikuni carburettors screamed alongside Fujitsubo's exhaust gases and the wind sneezed into all of the holes of the bottom.
It was imported within the 80s by an individual from the east coast, then purchased by my good friend on the spot, who then bought it to a different good friend, who lastly discovered the way in which in my driveway. It was the oldest automobile I owned and that's what made me perceive how a lot there’s a distinction between classic vehicles and a automobile developed within the 1990s, like every thing I had already owned till now.
It took lots of enter and consciousness from the motive force to attempt to push him to the tip, and I fell in love with that, very exhausting. I'll have one other one a day, however till then, I can solely cry pathetically whereas I'm full of remorse.
The final speaker is the 1991 Acura NSX of my girlfriend. I perceive, it's not mine, however hey, what's his, it's mine and mine … uh … mine? (don’t kill me while you learn this!)
It was one other automobile that I cherished within the first days of my childhood, not a lot for its efficiency, however for its look: it’s completely among the finest vehicles to be made in Japan . However after shopping for the automobile just a little over a yr in the past, I persuaded her to share her vehicles with me now and again. I’ll admit that I used to be blown away by all that I like this automobile. It’s a particularly effectively designed automobile, within the sense that it serves not solely tremendous efficiency, but in addition nice GT. We’ve performed it efficiently on lengthy automobile journeys, whereas tearing it by means of the mountains, and each are doing very effectively.
The sensation of uncooked driving and the suitable returns, nice consolation even for an individual of my dimension and naturally unequaled reliability. I had by no means been a giant fan of Honda, if it was not for his or her actual eco-drivers of the early 90s (sorry, S2000 followers), however this automobile definitely modified my view of this topic.
The entire checklist of vehicles, proper? As I mentioned in my earlier assertion, the alternatives I had led me to personal such extraordinary vehicles during the last eleven years. I attempted to relax by noting an important, however there are a number of others that I’ll maybe enlighten just a little later.
When I discovered myself searching for a brand new mission two years in the past, I had an exhaustive checklist of expectations to test. After taking possession of the aforementioned vehicles, I aspired to the historic worth, the efficiency, the convenience of driving, the reliability, the capability for abuse, the rarity, the aesthetically interesting design. and, most significantly, the motive force's environment.
So, a number of years in the past, after sinking right into a buzzing gap within the racing A bunch objects, I spotted that the BNR32 was the one automobile I may justify. He checked each field and it was a automobile I had been dreaming of since childhood and grew up within the 90's. Happily for me, the timing couldn’t be higher: the 25-year rule for imports right here within the States United States had simply eliminated the legality of the R32, which made the selection inevitable.
Throughout this yr, I managed to create a community round a typical good friend who had simply accomplished compliance with California CARB rules on a R32 GT-R by American GT-R Senpai, Sean Morris. I'm not fairly certain what motivated him to not need the automobile, however I believe it had one thing to do with funds, so we're going to cease there. A number of cellphone calls later, I discovered myself going house, a number of hours from house.
I nonetheless bear in mind the night time once I picked it up. A number of weeks earlier than my birthday in February, my girlfriend borrowed her mom's van to permit her to hold a number of additional items that my good friend had included. I don’t suppose I've ever been so smitten by shopping for a automobile and no person knew it, not even my girlfriend. So after we arrived and noticed the car parked behind a mountain of packing containers and cluttered within the storage, our jaws dropped. As clichéd as it could appear, it was love at first sight.
To my information, this automobile had a narrative to inform, being the primary R32 GTR registered in California beneath the 25-year rule.
The 25-year rule
California is taken into account the Golden State for a lot of causes, however for us, automobile fans, it's all however that. We’re on the forefront of a fierce battle in opposition to the environmental safety company, the California Air Assets Board, the California Freeway Patrol and the federal authorities, to call a number of. . It seems like a suicide mission, proper? In all honesty, that is generally the case. I can’t actually say how tough it’s to legally register an imported automobile right here, however the reality is that in case you persist with your weapons (you will have a clean checkbook), you are able to do it.
At first, you could do thorough analysis on who and the place to purchase your automobile. Happily for me, this step was already full with the GT-R and it was performed by essentially the most respected particular person from the importing sector. Sean Morris is the man who introduced us the Skylines from The Quick and the Livid franchise, and the identical man who labored alongside legend Paul Walker. So you possibly can say that he is aware of one thing in regards to the functioning of the federal government system.
Earlier than proudly owning and working Prime Rank Imports in Southern California, Sean had a stake in MotoRex – sure, that well-known MotoRex from the early 2000s. For individuals who could not know the identify. MotoRex, they imported the Skylines for Hollywood, but in addition the primary to import them for most of the people. It's a particularly lengthy story with what occurred to this firm, however briefly, MotoRex has been very profitable in bringing imports to federal specs – for some time. They even went so far as the crash exams of the R33, a job costing solely $ 1 million.
Then issues took a flip for the more serious. After some unlawful actions, the federal authorities closed them and the entire strategy of federalization grew to become extraordinarily tough. All vehicles already current had grandfathered rights, however nearly no different corporations continued to import vehicles after the crackdown. It was an enormous market that was not touched by the residents of the US, Sean being an exception.
With the 25-year rule in place, Sean takes benefit of this untouched alternative to begin importing vehicles by himself, beneath his personal enterprise. With that, he managed to work with the compliance company to register these vehicles within the state of California.
In precept, vehicles have to be 25 years previous at first in order to not need to adjust to federal rules. What are these federal rules? Though the checklist is lengthy sufficient, it basically accommodates basic pointers that automobile producers should respect to have the ability to supply their vehicles in the US. The checklist consists of objects corresponding to crash take a look at scores, acceptable bumpers, acceptable emission controls, acceptable security tools, and extra.
That's why, in case you take a look at vehicles like an American 993 Turbo versus a European 993 turbo, the bumpers are completely totally different, the headlights and the third brake mild are totally different, and the American mannequin typically has a number of airbags, to call only a few examples. The one loophole across the 25-year rule is to attend till a automobile is 25, the legislation stating that vehicles will not be required to adjust to these rules and pointers.
However don’t be hopeful, as a result of that's not all.
In about 45 of the 50 US states, it's all you should get the Nissan Skyline of your desires. For these of us in California, nevertheless, we’re lucky to need to adjust to state rules on smog (emission management). I discover myself torn on this argument, so help me …
California has been attacking air air pollution for the reason that smog and congestion points raised by scientists in analysis and growth laboratories on world warming within the late 1970s. of myself totally understands the place it comes from, and I help options for clear air and to have a lesser affect on our already polluted world setting. However quite the opposite, the fans of me really feel attacked and focused by these guidelines and rules put in place, as a result of they contradict the arguments of their state. The state helps electrical vehicles that require vitality consumption when constructing these vehicles – this is unnecessary. However that is one other article that we’ll come again to later. My level is that due to the state's efforts to take care of clear air, now we have to take care of a ridiculous quantity of emissions controls on our autos.
So, when it’s a matter of registering an import into that state, it should observe all of the steps of the method to adjust to the manufacturing unit specs (in order that every thing works completely), by making use of many emission management measures on the automobile, after which it have to be despatched to a state-approved laboratory to get examined. From there, as soon as the exams are profitable (they price loads every time they fail), they’re despatched to the California Freeway Patrol for additional inspection. They’re then accomplished by a sticker positioned on the stuffing of the internal door, which is a proof of their completion.
However wait, there are extra.
Now that you just've gone by means of this complete course of, it’s important to convey all of your paperwork to the motorized vehicle division, or as I name it, Devil's first house. You may be greeted with a number of hours of ready, which is able to finally lead you to a confused employee who has no thought how you can deal with Japanese import paperwork, as it’s in Japanese. You’ll have a supervisor concerned, they’ll ship you again a number of occasions, however as I’ve already talked about, you could keep in your positions and finally you’ll take it away.
If I misplaced you someplace on this rationalization, don’t really feel uncomfortable. It's completely regular to really feel pissed off and confused. However take into consideration this – my automobile is what units the usual for any such course of. Think about the variety of individuals concerned, the variety of points and challenges that Sean needed to overcome in order that every thing was clear, as a course of, in an effort to reproduce it extra successfully for future fans. Perhaps now, individuals will perceive why California vehicles are nonetheless in demand in comparison with vehicles with international titles.
Is it value it? Most likely not, as a result of it might be simpler to easily identify it outdoors the state, as many appear to get out of it anyway. However one factor is for certain, after getting mastered this course of and have completed it, you’ll not endure from complications so long as you personal the automobile. Some may even argue that they’d by no means need to reside in a state that has to take care of any such authorities, and that's tremendous.
Personally, I find it irresistible in California. There’s nowhere else on the planet the place I can get up one morning in early November, the place the solar is shining and the temperatures are 70 levels cooler and heading for the seaside, whereas driving scenic mountain roads and stopping within the mountains. town for a Philz café on the way in which – all in sooner or later.
Let's return intimately to the progress of my automobile. Shortly after the tip of the migraine, I discovered myself at an intersection of the street. By no means do I maintain right here or something, however while you lastly have an necessary piece of historical past, in a spot the place most have heard of solely the automobile or n '. have learn nothing in regards to the automobile, you are feeling nearly obliged to protect it.
On one aspect, I needed to create a full tribute to Group A runners of the 1990s. On the opposite, the modest purist who was in me needed to maintain it as unique as attainable, as was the case. 39 It was incumbent to painting what one instance of a manufacturing unit, the GT-R, was actually for California fans. So, what higher option to discover a center floor between the 2 than to improve to OEM +?
I knew that I’d use the automobile for its unique functions – driving exhausting – so my first precedence was to ensure every thing was in keeping with the aggressive driving specs. As with all 25 yr previous vehicles, the pads have been very worn, the suspension was fairly versatile and the experience peak was insufferable. My answer ended up being an outstanding set of Öhlins DFV collection coilovers, new rings throughout and a lowered driving peak for a greater heart of gravity. In fact, upkeep, corresponding to fluid modifications, batteries and MAF cleansing, was additionally supported.
Now that every thing was so as, I began chasing the few bits of Nismo on the automobile. I've been digging Japanese auctions for months, conducting auctions and continually dropping to Japanese locals on all the unique cash. However finally, luck struck and I discovered myself taking cost of the genuine Nismo N1 bumper vents and the Nismo N1 six-piece aspect skirts, the 2 most crucial parts of the R32 aesthetics.
From there, I felt that the automobile wanted just a little extra, so I purchased myself and I purchased the AB Flug carbon entrance lip, the gurney to Fujimura Rocket Dancer carbon and carbon Prime Secret rear diffuser.
Whereas I used to be searching for extra aesthetics, I got here throughout a pair of Belief rear bumper gaiters and a pair of Ganador mirrors, on which I additionally jumped rapidly. And I'm glad I did it; they add a contact of refined aggressiveness and likewise assist enhance the aerodynamics of the automobile.
Wanting to remain true to the OEM + look, I made a decision to rebuild an excellent pair of Nismo LMGT-2 wheels. The issue was that they’ve all the time been tough to satisfy in the US. However one night time once I was chatting with a good friend from Fresno about different wheel selections once I nearly gave up, he talked about that he had a seller in his house who had been crushed by an previous Z31, with the LMGT-2s within the manufacturing unit specs on the automobile. He requested me what I’d be prepared to pay for them and the subsequent day went to the used automobile car parking zone and requested the proprietor if he solely bought the wheels. After a number of exchanges, the wheels have been purchased in my identify.
Every week later, I picked up the wheels and instantly dropped them off at my good friend Jesse's place in Griplow for them to be restored. I’ve all the time been intrigued by the wheels and I’ve owned a number of video games which have been restored by Jesse for earlier variations. However these wheels have been particular within the sense that they went on my final pleasure and pleasure. After discussing some tools necessities, the overall specs have been as follows: 18 × 10 inches + 13 within the entrance with excessive again padding, and 18 × 10 inches + 11 within the again with padding on the again. decrease again, leading to three.5 and Four. inch lips respectively.
Fitment was excellent for the look I used to be searching for, sitting a number of millimeters outdoors the wells of the wing, with 245 / 35R18 Federal 595 RS-RR throughout. Technically, I ought to have used one thing within the 17 × 9 inch vary for correct OEM + tools, however being the posture lover child I’m, I couldn’t cease myself from utterly filling the wheel arches to get that final hovercraft look.
Let's transfer on to the inside of the automobile, every thing was already excellent. Since my GT-R was effectively maintained by its earlier proprietor in Japan, there have been no R32 bubbles or cracks on the dashboard, no discolored trim, and all of the door panels and seats had nonetheless their correct fastening tools. À trigger de cela, je ne pouvais trouver aucun changement radical à l’intérieur de l’habitacle, si ce n’était l’amélioration des sièges avant au revenue des articles R34 GTR V-Spec, qui correspondait parfaitement au reste de l’intérieur.
Quelques modifications sont actuellement à l’étude pour la voiture, notamment des retouches dues aux mauvais traitements qu’elle a subis sur les routes de montagne au cours des deux dernières années. Vous remarquerez des éruptions sur la route et quelques éclats de copeaux sur les accents de carbone de la voiture, mais dans l’ensemble, je suis plutôt satisfait de l’endroit où elle se trouve. Je peux dire avec fierté que je l’ai numérotée à un level tel que j’ai suivi et même dépassé certaines supercars sur les routes arrières que je fréquente. Je suis toujours aussi impressionné par les performances de cette voiture.
Plus qu'une voiture
Dérivant du titre du chapitre, cette voiture m’a servi bien plus qu’un easy sculpteur de montagne. Bien sûr, le posséder comporte de nombreux avantages et, au contraire, une consideration légèrement gênante, mais tout cela est négligé lorsque je pense au lien que j’ai tissé avec la voiture. Que ce soit pour une course animée avec d’autres enthousiastes, ou simplement pour laver la voiture un dimanche après-midi facile, la voiture est devenue en quelque sorte son propre réseau.
Avant de devenir propriétaire de cette voiture, j'avais l'impression d'être prise au piège dans une sorte de bulle. Je me suis toujours intéressé à un giant éventail de plates-formes différentes – des supercars new-age aux caisses éco-shit du début des années 60. Mais pour une raison quelconque, je n’ai pas pu établir de liens avec les propriétaires de ces véhicules. C’est peut-être parce que ma dernière development avait une cambrure de -10 degrés, alors la plupart des enthousiastes ne pourraient probablement pas me prendre au sérieux lorsque je tiendrais la foremost. Ou peut-être était-ce à trigger de la mentalité de «culpabilité par affiliation» associée au fait de posséder une Subaru ou une BMW.
Quoi qu’il en soit, la GT-R est un outil pour lancer la dialog initiale et elle m’a aidé à établir des relations vraiment impressionnantes avec des gens que je peux maintenant appeler des amis.
J'ai réussi à créer un réseau non seulement pour moi-même, mais également pour les personnes de mon entourage. Au cours des deux dernières années, j’ai organisé une sorte d’événement de conduite presque tous les week-ends, même lorsque la météo ne nous était pas favorable. Jetez un coup d’œil à quelques-unes des photographs de mon dernier événement majeur en tant que pilote, Tour De ’West, qui comprenait tout, d’une Ferrari 250GT Lusso de plusieurs thousands and thousands de à une Nissan 240SX.
Combien de fois pouvez-vous dire que vous avez vu ce style de diversité parmi un groupe d’enthousiastes partageant l’amour du plaisir de conduire, ensemble?
Ou jetez un coup d'œil à certaines de ces casseroles prises par un bon ami à moi que j'ai rencontré en conduisant. Daniel passe ses week-ends sur les routes de campagne de la Bay Space, prenant des photographs de tous les trucs fous qui volent dans les environs. Il est un peu notre photographe de piste personnel. Qui fait ça? Il faut avoir une ardour sérieuse pour la photographie et les voitures pour pouvoir passer autant de temps dans un passe-temps pour lequel vous n’êtes pas payé. Mais la ardour de Daniel l’emporte et son cercle d’amitié ne cesse de grandir.
Si ce n’était pas pour posséder la GT-R et s’engager sur la route, je ne l’aurais jamais rencontré, ni aucune des personnes partageant les mêmes idées que je connais maintenant et avec lesquelles je partage ma ardour. Je ne saurais trop le dire, mais je suis vraiment très touché par ces personnes et je suis reconnaissant que nous ayons tous établi un lien, d’une manière ou d’une autre, d’une manière ou d’une autre.
C’est plus qu’une development pour moi, c’est devenu le summum de ma vie. Moi aussi, à mesure que la voiture progresse vers son avenir meilleur.
Je suis un livre ouvert
Je vais écourter le reste de cette query, automobile nous avons traité de nombreux sujets différents. Il y a plein d'autres histoires que je partagerai avec vous dans un avenir proche. Je vais laisser de la place pour une galerie et je veux aussi que vous sachiez que je suis un livre ouvert complet en ce qui concerne la part commentaires.
N'hésitez pas à passer à l'motion et à me faire half de vos réflexions sur tout ce dont j'ai parlé ici, que ce soit pour me poser des questions sur la communauté, sur moi-même, sur le processus d'importation de voitures ou sur le choix de mon choix de mods. Ne soyez pas timide, je suis tout ouïe.
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